Why do monkeys still exist?

“If humans evolved from monkeys, why do they still exist?” asked one of the children at my daughter’s school. It’s a great question about the theory of evolution and how there came to be so many different types of creatures on Earth.

monkey children

There are many different forms of life on Earth – from bacteria and fungi, to plants and animals.

Evolution is a theory that explains how there came to be so many different types of living thing on Earth. It describes the gradual changes that happen when creatures reproduce in combination with changes to the places in which they live.

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Why are there no real unicorns?

unicorn

My 5-year-old wants to know why there are no unicorns in the world. Unicorns are her favourite imaginary creatures and she would very much like to have one as a pet!

I wondered whether there are any animals with one horn? Well, the narwhal is a small arctic whale with one long, spirally-twisted tusk. And there are some creatures with the word ‘unicorn’ in their name, like the unicorn fish and the unicorn beetle.

But these are not the right kind of unicorn – my daughter wants a horse-like creature with a long, tapering horn coming out of its forehead and large, feathered wings.

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How do animals get their names?

cat-tabby

This question about how and why creatures names are chosen started with my 5-year-old’s observation that not all ladybirds are female…

Scientists use a special naming system to identify and group together all living and extinct creatures. This system is called ‘taxonomy’ and it uses a set of rules to make sure that every different type of creature has a unique name.

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