Oil is a type of fuel, which means that it is something we use to make energy. We burn oil to heat buildings and to make electricity, and we use it to make petrol and diesel for cars and other vehicles. There are also some rather surprising uses for oil, including chewing gum, lipstick and guitar strings!
But what is oil? How is it made? And does it really come from dead dinosaurs?
Light is all around us. The Sun shines on the Earth every day and we use electric lights or candles to light our homes, schools and workplaces. We use torches or streetlights when we are out and about at night and build fires for light and warmth when we go camping. Even in the middle of the night, there is some light from the stars in the sky.
But one of my daughter’s schoolfriends asked me how light is made. And her brilliant question made me think about natural and man-made light sources.
So, let’s find out more about light – what it is and how it is made…
In Britain, it is easy to take our reliable electrical power supply for granted. Many things in our homes, schools, work places and public spaces are powered by electricity. Think for a minute about all the things you’ve done today – how many of them used electricity?
I’m sitting in my kitchen, using a laptop to type this blogpost with the lights on, sipping a hot cup of tea. I wonder how much electricity I’m using right now?
So, how do we make electricity? And how do we keep our power supply reliable?
This week, my daughter has been thinking about stars: “They’re not just twinkly spots in the sky – they must be made of something,”she says. “But what are they made of? And how did they get up there?”