How do worms poo?

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Have you ever noticed, when it’s a rainy day that lots of worms come out to play? My girls have and they like to rescue the worms that get stuck in puddles, moving them to safety in grass verges by the sides of the road. Seeing the worms wriggling about, they often ask questions about how worms live. So let’s find out more about these weird and wonderful creatures…

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What are these shells?

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We visited Bournemouth at the end of October and my daughter and nephew found these unusual-looking shells on the beach. They brought them to show me and asked if I knew what they were.

From the top, they looked like several shells stuck together but, from underneath, they looked like a single creature. They were quite heavy and I could see something dark and squidgy inside, so I knew there were creatures living in the shells. But I had never seen anything like this before (even though I used to live near the sea)!

We put them back where we found them and I promised to find out more about them when we got home. So, what are these shells and why do they look so unusual?

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Do fish have ears?

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Fish are cold-blooded animals that live in water. Most fish have scales on their bodies, use gills to breathe and have fins instead of arms or legs or fingers or toes. And they range enormously in shape and size – from tiny seahorses to huge whale sharks!

But have you ever wondered if and how fish can hear? We have! So, let’s find out more about fish and how they sense the watery world around them…

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Why are hedgehogs prickly?

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Hedgehogs are small mammals that live in hedgerows, grasslands, woodlands and meadows. They are found in Europe, Asia and parts of Africa and can live for about 7 years.

Hedgehogs can be easily recognised because of the spiky prickles (called ‘spines’) they have all over their backs and the grunting, snuffling noises they make. They look cute but you shouldn’t try to pick one up because it might feel frightened and try to prickle you with its spines.

But my daughters want to know why hedgehogs are prickly and whether they are prickly when they are born?

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Why do moths like night-time?

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Moths, like the one in the photo above, are insects with scaly wings. If you disturb one, you might see what looks like dust falling from its wings but the ‘dust’ will actually be some of the tiny scales dropping off. Like butterflies, they have two pairs of wings and long, rolled-up tongues (probosces) but, unlike butterflies, moths tend to have thick, hairy bodies and their antenna may be feathery and don’t have a ball-shaped ‘club’ at the end.

Many types of moth are ‘nocturnal’, which means that they are active at night but sleep during the day. You might have seen moths in the evening-time when it starts to get dark because they can be attracted to the lights in our houses when they are fluttering about.┬áSo, why do moths like the night-time? And if they like light, why don’t they just come out during the day?

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Why does cow poo make plants grow?

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Cow poo, cow pats, cow pies or cow dung – whatever you want to call the sloppy stuff that comes out of a cow’s bottom – has been used for hundreds of years to help plants grow. The farmer who lives near us puts it on his crops each year and you know exactly when he’s done it because there’s a stink in the air for days!

But exactly what is it that’s so special about cow poo that makes it good for plants?

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